Competition rules

Adopted by the AGM 13 February 1998.
Including amendments of the AGM 19 February, 1999 and 18 February 2000,
16 February 2001, 15 February 2002, 13 February 2004 and 18 February 2005.

1. Background

1.1 Resolution

These thoroughly amended and revised competition rules, based on previous issues of the PBAS competition rules, were accepted and agreed upon by the Pipe Band Association of Scandinavia at its annual general meeting on Friday 13 February 1998. The rules will gain full force from 1 January 1999.

1.2 Objectives

The rules are to regulate the terms and conditions for competitors, judges, organisers (promoters) at Scandinavian piping and drumming contests. They are based on the rules of The Royal Scottish Pipe Band Association (RSPBA), with alterations according to Scandi­navian conditions and competition traditions.

The rules are to make sure that the competitors are being judged on equal terms, that the competitions can be run without unnecessary interruptions and that the event runs smoothly for the competitors, the adjudicators, the organisers as well as the audience.

1.3 Applicability

1.3.1 These rules are recommended for Scandinavian pipe band and soloist contests. The competitions must be open to pipe bands, drum majors, piping and drumming ensembles and solo competitors rooted in Scottish Highland piping and pipe band drumming, no matter of nationality.

1.3.2 It must be clearly stated on application forms or invitations that the competition is run by the "PBAS Rules", if referred to in connection with any competition.

1.3.3 If the PBAS Rules are being used, they must be carried out to their full extent on the disciplines for which they apply.

1.3.4 The organiser may publish extracts from these rules. Single rules may be left out only for disciplines that do not take place. The quotation must be literal.

1.3.5 In case of any misunderstanding of these Rules, or in doubt of their interpretation, the matter should be decided upon by the committee of the PBAS or the person(s) appointed by the PBAS.

1.3.6 Organisers and competitors can only expect support from the PBAS in cases where the PBAS agreed to grant support in any way.

1.4 Running a Competition

1.4.1 The organising Committee must make sure that it has economical guarantees and a sufficient organisation to carry out the competition once it is set afoot. It must be clearly stated whom among the organisers that bears the economical responsibility for the competition. Under no circumstances must the competitors be made responsible for any financial losses. The PBAS can take no economical responsibility for the event.

1.4.2 In order to get a well functioning and interesting competition, information and entry forms should be sent out in good time (not less than two months prior to the competition).

1.4.3 The organising Committee must be represented by at least two executive officials (preferably not competing) on the day of the competition. Before the day of the event these officials must have been granted the authority to make any decision, that is induced by these rules or otherwise necessary to carry out the competition should changes or unexpected problems occur. Judges, stewards, and preferably band representatives must be informed about who these officials are.

1.4.4 It is recommended that an official PBAS-representative is present at major contests in order to assist the executive officials on any principal matter.

1.4.5 All adjudicators must be assigned when the lot takes place. They should preferably be well recommended adjudicators. Scandinavian adjudicators may be assigned at the discretion of the organising committee.

1.4.6 No official competitions may be held after the actual serious competition day is ended, such as during an after the games party. Competitions held as less serious "party events" should be clearly declared as such on the entry form.

1.4.7 Information about the event, including the PBAS point system, guidelines, and samples of score sheets, should be sent out to each adjudicator no less than two weeks prior to the event.

1.4.8 The prize giving ceremony should preferably be held immediately after all the competitions and results of the day are completed, and should not be postponed to an after the games party or later occasion.

1.4.9 The adjudicators' sheets are to be handed out as soon as possible after the distribution of the prizes. The original sheet should be given to the competitor. A duplicate must be kept by an executive officer until no formal protests can be made. Challenge trophies should be signed for by the receivers.

1.4.10 As soon after an event as possible the organising committee should compile a summary of the results and make the results available to the competitors, preferably on the last day of the event, but no later than one week after the event has finished.

1.4.11 When the event is the Scandinavian Championships all duplicates of adjudicators' sheets and a copy of the summaries together with receipts for challenge cups etc. must then be passed on to the PBAS for filing.

1.4.12 If a massed bands parade is held in connection with a band competition, the bands, and preferably also the soloists taking part in the competitions, are obliged to take part in the parade. A band wishing to obtain a permission to be excluded from the parade should apply to the PBAS Committee or the body appointed according to § 2.2 before the day of the parade. It is the responsibility of the organising committee to limit the duration of the parade to between 30 and 45 minutes. The marching route must not exceed three kilometres. Immediately after the massed bands parade is finished, it is the responsibility of the organising committee that there at least is fresh drinking water (or preferably free soft drinks and beer) available to all those who have played in the parade. The organising committee must inform the bands about how to get to the competition arena after the parade is finished. The committee should also take into consideration how instruments and cases are transported to and from the parade and where cases are stored during the parade. After the parade and transport to the competition arena the bands must be allowed at least one hour of recreation/tuning up time before the first competition starts.

2 General competition rules

2.1 Definitions

Event
This word is used to describe an entire event such as the Copenhagen Winter Competition or the Scandinavian Championships.
Competition, Contest, Discipline
These terms are used synonymously meaning one competition such as "March/Strathspey/Reel Level IV" or Pipe Band Competition, Grade 4" within an entire event.
Measure
Measure is used in the Scottish sense, meaning one part (usually made up of eight bars) of a tune. When the rules state that a certain number of measures should be played, this means that an eight bar measure in 2/2 or 4/4 time only has to be played once to make a measure, but eight bar measures in 2/4, 3/4, 6/8, and 9/8 time must be repeated to make a complete measure.

2.2 In extraordinary situations it is possible for a competitor to apply for a dispensation from these competition rules. Applications for dispensation should always be in writing.

Dispensations that have to be solved before the day of the event should be addressed to the committee of the PBAS or a body appointed by the PBAS Committee. This possibility should be considered in extreme cases only. For instance, if a newly formed band wants to compete without Highland dress because they have not yet had time to acquire Highland dress. The committee may decide to have the matter solved by the bandleader meeting at the event.

General questions of dispensation should be addressed to the initial bandleader meeting held on the day of the event according to 2.4. For instance, if a band wants to play with five pipers because one of the pipers has been taken ill shortly before the competition.

All questions regarding dispensations in connection with The Copenhagen Winter Competition should be addressed to and solved by the CWC Committee.

2.3 The order of playing is decided by lot, made beforehand by the competition committee. Before the start of the event competitors should receive information about the preliminary starting hours.

For band/group contests, the drawing can take place with or without band representatives. Where more than 25 competitors are entered for any contest the competitors may be divided into qualifying sections (heats). A minimum of four competitors from each heat will then play for final placing.

If there are less than five entries in a solo competition the organising committee may decide to cancel that particular competition. In case a competition is cancelled, those who have entered should be offered to take part in another competition, if possible.

2.4 Every major event (with exception for solo competitions and The Copenhagen Winter Competition) should be commenced by a short pipe bandleader meeting where brief information about the event can be shared and where questions of dispensation according to §2.2 should be settled. Apart from the band representatives, there should be representatives from the organising committee, the PBAS (committee and/or rule interpreters) and the adjudicators. Chairman of the meeting should be one of the PBAS representatives, preferably a person who is not taking part in the competitions of the day. Each competing band (or group if it is not a band contest) is given two votes. In case of an even vote the chairman has the casting vote.

2.5 All competitors must be ready for final tuning at the times given by officials/stewards. Competitors who do not keep their given stand-by and starting hours will be disqualified at the discretion of the organising committee.

2.6 All competitors and adjudicators should be dressed in Highland Dress when competing or adjudicating as well as when taking part in a massed bands parade. Exceptions can be made according to § 2.2. Preferably Highland dress should also be worn during the prize giving.

2.7 Any competitor failing to follow these rules may be disqualified at the discretion of the organising committee or the PBAS representatives of the day.

2.8 Disqualification, matters of dispute, or complaints related to the competition will be settled and decided upon by the executive officials, together with the judges and the PBAS representatives of the day.

2.9 Possible protests concerning competitions already held must be presented in writing to the competition committee no later than two hours after the publication of the relevant competition results.

2.10 Always contact the organising committee beforehand, if in any doubt about the rules.

2.11 No person except officiating adjudicators, PBAS representatives of the day, and competitors when competing shall be allowed inside the contest arena.

2.12 Each adjudicator will be provided with score sheets according to these rules, suitably printed, for the allocation of place, points and remarks. (See examples of judges' sheets in appendix to these rules.) Placing (or points where asked for) should be given in all competitions. The sheets must be completed in duplicate and passed on to the Steward at the end of each performance before the next competitor begins. The allocation of place or points should be explained by means of in constructive criticism in the space provided. Adjudicators are allowed to make additional comments on the sheets after the entire competition is finished, but not after the prize giving ceremony has started. Adjudicators shall not approach nearer than three metres to any competitor, nor shall they discuss the competition during the entire contest discipline, except when explicitly asked by the committee to judge by joint decision.

2.13 Competitors failing to return trophies before the start of the first competition, or later on agreement with the organising committee, shall be fined a sum as determined by the PBAS, and shall be suspended until the fine has been paid to the PBAS and the trophy returned to the PBAS, or otherwise acceptably replaced if lost.

3 Pipe band competitions

for groups smaller than bands see section 4 below.)

3.1 General Rules

3.1.1 Bands will be assigned tuning areas and must keep these positions when tuning, unless other instructions are given by officials.

3.1.2 The band competitions are open to pipe bands and drum majors of all nationalities. Competitions open to Scandinavians only may be held simultaneously, within the same competition, with competitions open to all nationalities.

A Scandinavian pipe band should:

  • be based in Scandinavia, and
  • consist of members who have been resident in Scandinavia at least during one month prior to the competition.
  • be a member of the PBAS to be allowed to compete in major Scandinavian pipe band competitions. (If a temporary group of Scandinavian origin takes part in a major competition it must not be a member of the PBAS if a majority of the pipers and drummers of the group belongs to Scandinavian bands that are members of the PBAS.)

Prizes may be awarded both to the three best placed competitors and to the three best placed Scandinavian bands.

The title "Scandinavian Champion Grade Four" is given to the best Scandinavian pipe band in grade four (closed).

The title "Scandinavian Champion of Champions" is given to the Scandinavian band with the best placing in both the Open Grade - March, Strathspey and Reel and the Open Grade - Medley competitions. In case of a tie, preference is given to the band with the best place in the March, Strathspey and Reel competition.

Prizes may be awarded both to the three competitors with the highest number of points, and to the three best placed Scandinavian bands.

The title "Scandinavian Champion Grade Four" is given to the best Scandinavian pipe band in grade four (closed).

The title "Scandinavian Champion of Champions" is given to the Scandinavian band with the best placing in both the Open Grade - March, Strathspey and Reel and the Open Grade - Medley competitions. In case of a tie, preference is given to the band with the best place in the March, Strathspey and Reel competition.

3.1.3 Band members are not allowed to play the same type of instrument in the same competition with different bands. Band members of a higher graded band may not play in a lower graded band. An exception to this rule is when the pipe-major or leader of a drum corps of a lower graded band also plays with a higher graded band. Also members of a higher graded band may play with a lower graded band in open grade competitions, provided that they play in one band only per competition.

3.1.4 Bands will arrive at the starting line properly dressed, including headdress and come to the halt. After halting at the starting line, no member of the band will be allowed to withdraw.

3.1.5 The performance will commence from the "at ease" position with pipes down. On the signal from the ensemble adjudicator the band will commence its performance on the appropriate and correctly-given command by the pipe major (or drum major in Marching & Discipline), i.e. (a) Band Attention, (b) Get Ready, © Ready, (d) By the Right, Quick March. All commands may be preceded by the caution "Band" or "Pipes and Drums". It will be the said adjudicator's duty to ensure that other adjudicators are ready.

3.1.6 Except for Marching and Discipline bands shall form a circle. The band circle should preferably be marked out on the ground by the organisers. The centre of the band circle shall be 14 metres from the start line and it shall have a diameter of 13 metres. Adjudicators must not enter the band circle.

3.1.7 In forming the circle, the Pipe Major and Leading Drummer may take up any position to ensure the best performance from the band. The band circle is intended as a guide to bands.

3.1.8 The musical performance will be adjudicated from the first beat of the introduction rolls and cease after all instruments have stopped sounding.

3.1.9 Adjudication will be carried out by four adjudicators, each to rank the bands so that the best band is given first place, the second best second place and so on. All bands taking part in a competition should be ranked. There should be:

  • 2 PIPING judges
  • 1 DRUMMING judge
  • 1 ENSEMBLE judge

The result for each competition shall be determined by the addition of the band placing from all adjudicators in each musical discipline.

NOTE! The best bass- and tenor section competition is a separate competition and should not be counted in the overall band competition. It should be judged by a specially assigned judge who is not judging any other part of the band competitions, the marching and discipline and drum salute contests excepted.

3.1.10 In event of a tie the decision shall be reached as follows:

  • 1st Preference - Ensemble best place
  • 2nd Preference - Piping best place

3.1.11 Adjudication should be carried out using score sheets, divided into sections as follows. Points for introduction and tone should be given as assessments only.

Pipe Band Competitions (determined by placing)


Band Piping Ensemble Drumming
Introduction 10
Tone 15
Introduction 15
Tone 15
Introduction 20
Tone 10
PLACE PLACE PLACE

Best Bass- & Tenor Section


Best Bass- & Tenor Section
Tone & tuning 10
Musical performance 50
Visual/artistic performance 50
Total 100

NOTE! Special sheets are provided for the Best Bass- and Tenor Section Competition.

Drum Majors' Contest (points)


Drum Majors' Contest
Dress 20
Marching and discipline 40
Flourishing 40
Total 100

NOTE! Special sheets are provided for the Drum Majors' Contest.

3.2 Grade 4

3.2.1 This competition is open to bands of grade 4 standard only.

3.2.2 Each band shall play at least eight measures of Quick March.

3.2.3 Each band must comprise at least six pipers, two side drummers, one bass drummer and one tenor drummer.

3.3 Grade 3

3.3.1 This competition is open to all bands of grade 4 and grade 3 standard.

3.3.2 Each band shall play a medley selection of 4–6 minutes duration.

3.3.3 Each band must comprise at least six pipers, two side drummers, one bass drummer, and one tenor drummer.

3.4 Grade 2

(Vacant)

3.5 Grade 1

(Vacant)

3.6 Open Grade - March, Strathspey and Reel

3.6.1 This competition is open to all bands, no matter of grade.

3.6.2 Each band shall play a march, strathspey and reel, each of a minimum of four measures.

3.6.3 Each band must comprise at least six pipers, two side drummers, one bass drummer, and one tenor drummer.

3.7 Open Grade - Medley

3.7.1 This competition is open to all bands, no matter of grade.

3.7.2 Each band shall play a Medley selection of 3–7 minutes duration.

3.7.3 Each band must comprise at least six pipers, two side drummers, one bass drummer, and one tenor drummer.

3.8 All Grades - Best Bass- and Tenor Section

3.8.1 The bass- and tenor sections of all bands entering the pipe band competitions, irrespectively of grade, are automatically participating in this event. The marching and discipline competition, however, is not qualifying. Bands not wishing to participate should notify the committee before the first competition of the band events starts. No extra fee should be paid by the participants for this event.

3.8.2 The prize is to be given to the bass- and tenor section with the best rhythmical co-operation and visual/artistic performance, consisting of feathering and flourishing. Drum tone and tuning should also be taken into consideration. The winning section is that which scores the highest points irrespectively of grade. If a band participates in more than one qualifying contest, that band should still be judged in the best bass- and tenor competition in each contest, and only the sheet with the highest number of points is to be valid. If two bass- and tenor sections should get an equal sum of total points, preference should be given to the section with the highest number of points for rhythmical performance.

3.8.3 A bass- and tenor section must consist of a minimum of one bass drummer and one tenor drummer.

3.9 All Grades - Marching and Discipline

3.9.1 This competition is open to all bands, no matter of musical grade.

3.9.2 The adjudicators will attach importance to exactness in marching as well as correctness in the composition and wear of uniform, according to Scottish tradition. The programme must include marching, piping, and drumming but the musical performance will not be judged.

3.9.3 Each band must comprise at least six pipers, two side drummers, one bass drummer, and one tenor drummer.

3.9.4 Adjudicators should rank the bands so that the best band is given first place, the second best second place and so on. All bands taking part in a competition should be ranked.
3.10 All Grades - Drum Salute

3.10.1 Each Drum Corps must consist of at least four drummers, of which two must be playing the side drum, one must be playing the bass drum, and one must be playing the tenor drum.

3.10.2 The Drum Salute shall be of 2–6 minutes duration.

3.10.3 Adjudicators should rank the drum corps so that the best corps is given first place, the second best second place and so on. All corps taking part in a competition should be ranked.
3.11 Drum Majors Contest

3.11.1 This competition will be carried out in heats with a maximum of six competitors in each heat.

3.11.2 Dress will be judged separately from marching, discipline, and flourishing. The dress worn in all sections of the competition must in no way vary. Neatness, cleanliness, and how the dress is worn are to be the determining factors.

3.11.3 Points shall be awarded as follows: marching & discipline 40 points; flourishing 40 points; dress 20 points.

3.11.4 Points awarded for dress in the heats shall be carried forward into the final.

3.11.5 The finalists shall be the competitors with the highest number of points (not necessary heat winners).

3.11.6 In case of a tie first preference is given to marching & discipline and second preference to flourishing (if still a tie, the prize may be shared).

4 Groups

(for pipe bands see section 3 above.)

4.1 General Rules

4.1.1 Competitors must keep inside the tuning area and must follow instructions given by officials.

4.1.2 Groups must make sure that they can be found by the stewards and keep informed about changes in the time schedule.

4.1.3 The competitions are open to pipers and drummers of all nationalities. Competitions open to Scandinavians only may be held simultaneously, within the same competition, with competitions open to all nationalities.

A Scandinavian group should:

  • be based in Scandinavia, and
  • consist of persons who have been resident in Scandinavia at least during one month prior to the competition.

Prizes may be awarded both to the three best placed competitors, and to the three best placed Scandinavian groups.

4.1.4 Group members are not allowed to compete in more than one group in the same discipline and on the same type of instrument. Note that when there are different levels of group competitions every level should be regarded as a separate discipline. For instance if there is one "beginners quintets competition" and one "experienced quintet competition" they constitute two different disciplines.

4.1.5 The judgement will start on the first beat of the music and cease after all instruments have stopped sounding.

4.1.6 Adjudication will be carried out by four or five adjudicators, each to rank the groups so that the best group is given first place, the second best second place and so on. All groups taking part in a competition should be ranked. There should be:

  • 1-2 PIPING judges
  • 1 DRUMMING judge
  • 1-2 ENSEMBLE judges

The result for each competition shall be determined by the addition of the group placing from all adjudicators in each musical discipline. Should there be one piping adjudicator only or one ensemble adjudicator only the "place-point" given by that single judge should be multiplied by two. (This means that the lowest possible sum of points is always five, although the winners might have a higher sum of place-points depending on the outcome of the individual placing made by each adjudicator.)

4.1.7 In the event of a tie the decision shall be reached as follows:

  • 1st Preference - Ensemble best place
  • 2nd Preference - Piping best place
  • 3rd Preference - Drumming best place

4.1.8 Adjudication should be carried out using score sheets, divided into sections as follows. The separate points for introduction and tone are assessments only and should not be added to the points of the total performance.
Group Competitions (determined by placing)


Piping Ensemble Drumming
Introduction 10
Tone 15
Introduction 15
Tone 15
Introduction 20
Tone 10
Place Place Place

4.2 Quintets

4.2.1 Each quintet must comprise 3 pipers, 1 side drummer, and 1 bass/tenor drummer

4.2.2 Each quintet in grade four must play a selection of 3–7 minutes duration.

4.2.3 Each quintet in open grade must play a selection of 4–7 minutes duration.

4.3 Trios

4.3.1 Each trio must play a selection of 2–7 minutes duration.

4.3.2 Each trio must comprise two pipers and one side drummer.

5 Solo piping and solo drumming

5.1 General Rules

5.1.1 Competitors can only enter competitions within the same level at the same event (e.g. during one particular Highland games) according to the rules below. Competitors at any level may participate in the unlevelled competitions if not excluded by a specific rule.

5.1.2 Competitors may change between levels at different events according to the following rules:

Piping:

  • From the Beginners level to any level except Former Winners.
  • From the Intermediate level to the Experienced level or the Advanced level.
  • From the Experienced level to the Advanced level or the Intermediate level.
  • From the Advanced level to the Experienced level.

With the exception of the unlevelled competitions and the Advanced and Former Winners levels, competitors may never enter a competition, which he or she has previously won.

Side Drumming:

  • From the Beginners level to any level.
  • From the Closed level to the Open level.

5.1.3 To qualify for the Former Winners level a competitor must have won a first place in the M/S/R competition in the level below Former Winners and a first place in the Hornpipe/Jig competition in the level below Former Winners at either the Scandinavian Championships or the CWC during the same season. This means that there are two possible ways to qualify. The first possibility is that a competitor wins both competitions at the same event. The other possibility is that one competition is won at the Scandinavian Championships and the other at the immediately following Copenhagen Winter Competition or vice versa. Note that a competitor who has qualified to play at the Former Winners level is not compelled to change from the level below Former Winners until he or she has qualified twice in the time span of two seasons.

Competitors who have reached a high standard of playing, and have competed successfully outside of Scandinavia may apply to the organising committee to compete at the Former Winners' level.

Competitors on the Former Winners' or in drumming Open level may apply to the committee of the PBAS if they wish to compete at a lower level again.

5.1.4 Competitors must keep inside the tuning area and must follow instructions given by the officials. Competitors must keep informed of any changes in the time schedule and must make sure that they can be found by the Stewards.

5.1.5 The competitions are open to pipers and drummers of all nationalities. Competitions open to Scandinavians only may be held simultaneously, within the same competition, with competitions open to all nationalities.

Competitors who have been resident in Scandinavia for at least one month prior to the competitions are regarded as Scandinavians

Prizes may be awarded both to the three best placed competitors, and to the three best placed Scandinavians.

The title "Scandinavian Champion" will be assigned to the competitor at the Scandinavian Championships who has got the lowest sum of placing in the following competitions:

Solo Piping
Piobaireachd Advanced plus Former Winners; March/Strathspey/Reel and Hornpipe/Jig.
Solo Drumming
Former Winners; March/Strathspey/Reel and Hornpipe/Jig.

In case of a tie in piping, the competitor with the best place in Piobaireachd should be awarded the title.

In case of a tie in piping, the competitor with the best place in Piobaireachd should be awarded the title. In case of a tie in drumming, the competitor with the best place in March/Strathspey/Reel should be awarded the title.

The title "Scandinavian Champion of Champion (of Solo Piping or of Solo Drumming)" will be awarded at the Copenhagen Winter Competition to the Scandinavian competitors in the Former Winners' best placed at the previous Scandinavian Championships and the current CWC, according to the following:

Competitors are given points according to how they have been placed in the competitions below. A first place renders one point, second place two points etc. The competitor with the lowest sum of place-points in all competitions at both events wins the title.

Solo Piping
Piobaireachd Advanced plus Former Winners - March/Strathspey/Reel and Hornpipe/Jig.
Solo Drumming
Open Level - March/Strathspey/Reel, Hornpipe/Jig and and "6/8 or 9/8 or 12/8 competition".

In case of a tie in piping, the competitor with the best place in Piobaireachd should be awarded the title. If still a tie, a preference is given to the person with best placing in Piobaireachd and March/Strathspey/Reel.

In case of a tie in drumming, the competitor with the best place in March/Strathspey/Reel should be awarded the title. If still a tie, a preference is given to the person with best placing in March/Strathspey /Reel and Hornpipe/Jig.

Only competitors who have participated fully in all, without breaking down in any of the competitions (piping six, drumming six), at the two events can win the award.

5.1.6 Pipers must play on the Great Highland Bagpipe.

5.1.7 Side drummers must play on a pipe band snare drum.

5.1.8 Tenor drummers must play on a pipe band tenor drum.

5.1.9 It is strongly recommended that solo drummers should be accompanied by 1–3 pipers.

5.1.10 Rules that exclude competitors from taking part in any competition because they have won previous contests do not apply if there were less than five competitors in the event they won.

5.1.11 In the solo piping competitions all competitors should be ranked from the winner and downwards, although competitors who break down should not be ranked. Adjudication should be carried out using score sheets, divided into sections. Constructive criticism should be provided in the space provided on the judges' sheets. Separate assessment for tone (maximum 15 points) should be made.

5.1.12 In the solo drumming competitions all competitors should be ranked from the winner and downwards, although competitors who break down should not be ranked. Adjudication should be carried out using score sheets, divided into sections. Constructive criticism should be provided in the space provided on the judges' sheets. Separate assessment for tone (maximum 10 points) and introduction (maximum 20 points) should be made.

5.2 Solo Piping


Level Competition a Competition b

I Beginners
Slow Air March (any time signature)

II Intermediate
Slow Air/Jig 2/4 competition type march

III Experienced
Hornpipe/Jig March/Strathspey/Reel

IV Advanced
Hornpipe/Jig (2 stated sets) March/Strathspey/Reel (2 stated sets)

V Former Winners
Hornpipe/Jig (3 + 3 tunes) March/Strathspey/Reel (3 + 3 + 3 tunes)


Xa Unlevelled
Scandinavian Tune

Xb Unlevelled
Piobaireachd (Urlar only)

Xc Unlevelled
Piobaireachd

Xd Unlevelled
Piobaireachd Advanced

Xe Exp, Adv, FW
6/8 March

I Beginners' Level

Ia Slow Air
An air or slow march to be played. Competitors must not have won any piping competition before.
Ib March Beginners
At least four measures of a march of any time signature to be played. Competitors must not have won any piping competition before, except at the beginners' level.

II Intermediate Level

IIa Slow Air/Jig
A slow air followed by at least four measures of jig to be played. Competitors must not previously have won first place in this competition.
IIb March Intermediate
At least four measures of a 2/4 competition type march to be played. Competitors must not previously have won first place in this competition.

III Experienced Level

IIIa Hornpipe/Jig Experienced
At least four measures of hornpipe followed by at least four measures of jig to be played. Competitors must not previously have won first place in this competition.
IIIb March/Strathspey/Reel Experienced
At least four measures of a 2/4 competition type march, followed by at least four measures of strathspey and at least four measures of reel to be played. Competitors must not previously have won first place in this competition.

IV Advanced Level

IVa Hornpipe/Jig Advanced
At least four measures of hornpipe followed by at least four measures of jig to be played. Competitors must submit two different sets when registering at the competition or at an earlier point of time determined by the competition organiser.
IVb March/Strathspey/Reel Advanced
At least four measures of a 2/4 competition type march followed by at least four measures of a competition type strathspey and at least four measures of a competition type reel to be played. Competitors must submit two different sets when registering at the competition or at an earlier point of time determined by the competition organiser

V Former Winners' Level

Va Hornpipe/Jig Former Winners
At least four measures of hornpipe followed by at least four measures of jig to be played. Competitors must submit three different hornpipes and three different jigs when registering at the competition or at an earlier point of time determined by the competition organiser. The adjudicator will choose which two tunes to be played on stage.
Vb March/Strathspey/Reel Former Winners
At least four measures of a 2/4 competition type march followed by at least four measures of a competition type strathspey and at least four measures of a competition type reel to be played. Competitors must submit three different marches, three different strathspeys and three different reels when registering at the competition or at an earlier point of time determined by the competition organiser. The adjudicator will choose which three tunes to be played on stage.

X Unlevelled Competitions

Xa Scandinavian Tune
A tune of Scandinavian origin to be played twice over.
Xb Piobaireachd, Urlar
The ground of a Piobaireachd to be played. Competitors can only compete in this competition during two seasons. Competitors must not previously have won first place in this competition. Competitors must not take part, or previously have taken part, in the Piobaireachd (Xc) or Piobaireachd Advanced (Xd) Competitions. A copy of the music is to be handed in to the information desk upon arrival.
Xc Piobaireachd
A piobaireachd to be played. A copy of the music is to be handed in to the information desk upon arrival. Competitors may not take part in the Piobaireachd Advanced competition (Xd) at the same event. Competitors who have won this event twice are excluded from entering again.
Xd Piobaireachd Advanced
One of three piobaireachd to be played. Competitors must submit three different piobaireachd when registering at the competition or at an earlier point of time determined by the competition organiser. The adjudicator will choose which tune to be played on stage. Copies of the music for the tunes are to be handed in to the information desk upon arrival.
Xe 6/8 March
At least four measures of a 6/8 march to be played. This competition is open to pipers on the experienced, advanced and former winners' levels only

5.3 Solo Side Drumming


Level Competition a Competition b

I Beginners
March (any time signature) -

II Closed
Hornpipe/Jig March/Strathspey/Reel

III Open
Hornpipe/Jig March/Strathspey/Reel (2 stated marches)

   
6/8 or 9/8 or 12/8 March -

I Beginners' Level

Ia March Beginners
At least four measures of a march of any time signature to be played. Competitors must not have won any drumming competition above the beginners' level before. Competitors who have won two solo drumming competitions on the beginners’ level within the same season may not enter this competition.

II Closed Level

IIa Hornpipe/Jig Closed
At least two measures of hornpipe to be played followed by at least two measures of jig. Competitors who have won first place in both this competition and the March/Strathspey/Reel Closed competition within the same season may not enter this competition.
IIb March/Strathspey/Reel Closed
At least four measures of a 2/4 competition type march followed by at least four measures of strathspey and at least four measures of reel to be played. Competitors who have won first place in both this competition and the Hornpipe/Jig Closed competition within the same season may not enter this competition.

III Open Level

IIIa Hornpipe/Jig Open
At least four measures of hornpipe to be played followed by at least four measures of jig.
IIIb March/Strathspey/Reel Open
At least four measures of a 2/4 competition type march followed by at least four measures of strathspey and at least four measures of reel to be played. Competitors must submit two marches when registering at the competition or at an earlier point of time determined by the competition organiser. The adjudicator will choose which march to be played on stage, strathspey and reel of competitor’s own choice.
IIIc 6/8 or 9/8 or 12/8 March Open
At least four parts of 6/8 or 9/8 or 12/8 march to be played.

5.4 Solo Tenor Drumming

A selection of 2-6 minutes duration to be played. Each competitor must be accompanied by 1–2 pipers and an optional side drummer. All competitors should be ranked from the winner and downwards, although competitors who break down should not be ranked. The adjudication should be carried out by two judges, one primarily judging the musical performance and the other primarily judging the visual performance (flourishing, feathering and posture). Preferably the adjudicators should be in agreement over the placing of the competitors. In case of a tie preference should be given to musical performance. Constructive criticism should be provided in the spaces provided on the judges’ sheets on both the musical and visual aspects of the performance. Tone and introduction should be assessed separately (maximum 10 points for tone and 20 points for introduction). The selection should be started by two by three beats as in traditional pipe band introductory rolls.